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Sensory Processing

  • Overly sensitive or heightened reactivity to sound, touch, or movement

  • Under-responsive to certain sensations (e.g., high pain tolerance, doesn't notice cuts/bruises)

  • Constantly moving, jumping, crashing, bumping

  • Easily distracted by visual or auditory stimuli

  • Emotionally reactive

  • Difficulty coping with change

  • Inability to calm self when upset

Fine Motor Skills

  • Manipulating toys and puzzles

  • Holding a pencil

  • Using silverware or straws at an age-appropriate time

  • Using scissors

  • Using zippers, buttons, shoelaces

  • Coloring, drawing, tracing, prewriting shapes

  • Poor handwriting, letter/number formation

  • Not developing a hand dominance at an age-appropriate time

  • Avoiding tasks and games that require fine motor skills

Body Awareness

  • Going up and down stairs at an age appropriate time

  • Coordinating both sides of the body

  • Understanding the concept of right and left

  • Poor ball skills

  • Poor balance

​Their muscle tone, or muscle tension and resistance, could be higher or lower than the appropriate developmental milestone. They might also:

  • be fearful of feet leaving the ground

  • doesn't cross midline of his or her body during play and school tasks

  • avoids tasks and games that require gross motor skills

Visual Processing

  • Difficulty with the spacing and sizes of letters

  • Difficulty with recognizing letters

  • Difficulty with copying shapes or letters

  • Difficulty with visual tracking and crossing midline

  • Difficulty finding objects among other objects

  • Difficulty with copying from the board or another paper

  • Difficulty with the concept of right and left

Prewriting / Graphomotor Skills

  • Trouble remembering how to spell words

  • Trouble recognizing or naming words or letters on a page

  • Inability to remember how to form letters or words on the paper

  • Sloppy or illegible handwriting

  • When writing is legible, it's slow and difficult to create

  • Awkward pencil grip

  • Poor spatial planning and/or inconsistent spatial relationship between letters or words

  • Cramping or pain in the hand when writing

  • Inability to multitask when writing, such as being unable to listen and write at the same time

  • Preference for oral delivery over written

  • Avoidance of writing assignments

ADL / Self help Skills

  • Be unable to feed themselves independently.

  • Require more help than others of their age to get dressed or undressed.

  • Find it difficult to tolerate wearing certain clothes.

  • Struggle to use cutlery.

  • Need adults to open food packaging in their lunch box.

  • Refuse to eat certain foods.

  • Be unable to coordinate movements to brush teeth.

  • Require extensive help to fall asleep.

  • Choose to toilet only at home where there is adult support.

  • Be late to develop independent day time toileting.

  • Show limited motivation for independence in self care, waiting for adults to do it for them instead.

Motor Planning Skills

  • Struggle to identify the steps needed to complete a task, and the correct order to do them in

  • Frequently bump into things due to a lack of spatial awareness 

  • Fail to hit age-appropriate milestones, like hopping or kicking

  • Be slow to perform simple tasks

  • Have issues with handwriting

  • Struggle to learn new tasks

  • Struggle with consistency in performance

  • Appear uncoordinated and clumsy

  • Have poor hand-eye coordination

  • Lack timing and rhythm 

Core and Upper Body Strength

  • Slumped or slouched posture

  • W-sitting position

  • Frequently changing body positions or difficulty sitting still

  • Hold their head up with their hand

  • Poor attention skills

  • Difficulty with fine motor tasks, such as holding a pencil or doing up buttons

  • Difficulty with gross motor activities or frequently losing their balance e.g. on a balance beam or riding a bike

Fine Motor Skills
Sensory Processing
Graphomotor Skills
Body Awareness
Visual Processing
Self Help Skills
Motor Planning Skills
Core body strength

Is your child in need of Occupational Therapy?

Their journey towards a brighter
future begins with a simple call.

1 - Consultation

Book a free 15-minute phone or video consultation to decide which OT services are a good fit for you and your child.

2 - Plan of Action

A therapist is paired to work with your child and gets in touch to collaborate on a holistic plan which takes into account the unique needs of your child.  

3 - Implementation

The treatment process begins and therapist, parent, and child start out on the path to creating success and independence in your child's life.

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