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Signs to look
out for

Development Milestones

How your child plays, learns, speaks, acts, and moves offers important clues about your child’s development. Developmental milestones are things most children (75% or more) can do by a certain age.

2 - 3 Months

  • Lifts head 45 degrees while in prone (lying on tummy)

  • Opens and closes hands

  • Follows a toy with eyes from side to side

  • Brings hands together toward middle of body

  • Attempts to reach for toy

  • Grasps a small toy placed in hand

  • Breastfeeds or drinks from a bottle without choking, coughing or gagging

4 - 6 Months

  • Rolls belly to back (both to right and left sides)

  • Hits at dangling toys with hands

  • Lifts head to 90 degrees while in prone (lying on tummy)

  • Raises entire chest when on stomach and bears weight on hands

  • Rolls back to belly (both to right and left sides)

1 - 2 Years

  • Throws/kicks balls

  • Eats a variety of solid foods

2 Years

  • Snips with scissors

  • Imitates horizontal, vertical lines and circular marks

  • Removes elastic waist pants

  • Builds at least a 6 block tower

  • Pushes, pulls or carries toys while walking (18 months)

2 - 3 Years

  • Pedals a tricycle

  • Catches a large ball thrown gently from very close

  • Runs well without falling (2.5 years)

  • Drinks from an open cup

6 Months

  • Begins to sit using hands for support

  • Transfers toys from hand to hand

  • Reaches with increased control for a toy

  • Shakes and bangs toys

  • Eats small amounts of pureed baby food

7 - 9 Months

  • Sustained sitting without using their arms for support

  • Crawls on hands and knees with stomach off the floor (9 months)

  • Feeds self finger foods (8 months+)

  • Moves into sitting position independently

  • Eats mashed table food

9 Months

  • Sits well to play

  • Imitates simple play such as “peek a boo”

  • Pulls self up to stand using furniture

1 Year

  • Pulls off socks and shoes

  • Cooperates with dressing (helps to pull off clothing; extends arms and legs to assist with dressing)

  • Scribbles on paper

  • Stands alone

  • Walking (1-2 steps alone)

  • Uses thumb and pointer finger to pick up small objects

3 Years

  • Cuts straight lines

  • Copies vertical, horizontal lines and circles

  • Buttons large buttons

  • Throws tennis ball 5-7 feet overhand with one hand

  • Catches large ball thrown from 5 feet away

3 - 4 Years

  • Static tripod grasp (held with thumb, index and middle fingers while hand moves as a unit)

4 Years

  • Cuts out a circle

  • Zips jacket

  • Copies intersecting lines, diagonal lines, simple shapes, some letters and numbers

  • Balances on one foot for 10 seconds or longer

5 Years

  • Prints name from memory

  • Colors within the lines

  • Draws a person with at least 6 or more different parts

  • Cuts out a square

15 Months

  • Eats a variety of soft, chopped table food

  • Drinks from a sippy cup independently

  • Stacks 2 blocks

  • Walks well with infrequent falls

  • Squats to pick up an object and stands up again without falling

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Is your child in need of Occupational Therapy?

Their journey towards a brighter
future begins with a simple call.

1 - Consultation

Book a free 15-minute phone or video consultation to decide which OT services are a good fit for you and your child.

2 - Plan of Action

A therapist is paired to work with your child and gets in touch to collaborate on a holistic plan which takes into account the unique needs of your child. 

3 - Implementation

The treatment process begins and therapist, parent, and child start out on the path to creating success and independence in your child's life.

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